Forex Vocabulary


They can do this across a number of different asset classes, including stocks, forex, real estate and insurance. A broker will normally charge a commission for the order to be executed. Brent crude – also referred to as Brent blend – is one of three major oil benchmarks used by those trading oil contracts, futures and derivatives. The other two major benchmarks are West Texas Intermediate and Dubai/Oman, though there are many smaller oil varieties traded as well.. Being bearish in trading means you believe that a market, asset or financial instrument is going to experience a downward trajectory. Being bearish is the opposite of being bullish, which means that you think the market is heading upwards.

buying and selling

What Is SMC (Smart Money Concepts) Forex Strategy? – EarnForex News

What Is SMC (Smart Money Concepts) Forex Strategy?.

Posted: Sat, 17 Sep 2022 11:01:37 GMT [source]

The difference between the highest and lowest price of a future recorded during a given trading session. An efficient market hypothesis, stating that prices move randomly versus their intrinsic value. Therefore, no one can forecast market activity based on the available information. The rate from which lending rates by banks are calculated in the US. Options, the price a put or call buyer must pay to a put or call seller for an option contract. Quoted standard periods that fall between the transaction date and the current spot value date.

Time Cycles Classification

This is generally an indicator of how risky a currency pair can be to trade. Investors use technical analysis as a means to forecast future price changes within the forex market. How this is conducted is by sifting through current and prior market data via trading indicators, charts, and other related tools. Considering the oftentimes-tumultuous nature of the forex market, traders must adopt risk management as a means to protect capital. Risk management practices usually take on the form of related strategies and tools that work to limit the financial risk as much as possible.

Usually, a stock index is made up of a set number of the top shares from a given exchange. A sprint is a type of simplified digital 100 option, differing from standard digital 100s in their expiry and pricing. They are also known as sprint markets, and are only available with IG. A rights issue is when a company offers its existing shareholders the chance to buy additional shares for a reduced price. Usually the discounted price will stand for a specified time frame, after which it is returned to normal. A purchasing managers index is an economic indicator comprised of monthly reports and surveys from private sector manufacturing firms.

A system which gives out signals to traders to help them decide whether a specific time is suitable to buy or sell a currency pair. A long white candlestick forms in the direction of the prevailing trend, signifying that the upward movement is still in force. Next session gaps above, forming a small candle that acts as an obstacle to further rise. A long black candle drives the market lower, well into the long white candle’s body and more specifically, below its mid-point-Indicating a bearish reversal.

Fiat, also known as fiat money or fiat currency, refers to currencies issued by governments. Fakeout, also known as “false breakout” or “failed break”, refers to a situation in which a price moves outside a technical price structure and shortly moves right back inside it. Execution or trade execution refers to the process of a buy or sell order for an asset being completed or filled. In finance, cover refers to taking action to decrease the risk exposure of a position, an investment, or a portfolio. Cleared funds refers to the money in an account that’s available for immediate use or withdrawal.

A foreign currency current account maintained with another bank. The account is used to receive and pay currency assets and liabilities denominated in the currency of the country in which the bank is resident. When the monetary authorities intervene regularly in the market to stabilise the rates or to aim the exchange rate in a required direction.

International Monetary Fund

The price level that a currency finds difficult to go beyond. In such instances, a currency will consistently knock on a price ceiling, only to see a decline begin when it isn’t able to break above it. Closing a forex position as a means to collect the related profit.

bullish reversal

Similarly, when the close price is below the mid-point of the range, then a negative number is returned implying a selling pressure . The daily volume is multiplied by the above number to determine the weight of the price in the calculation of the indicator. MACD (Moving Average Convergence/Divergence) – a technical trading indicator that identifies moving averages and helps to represent potential new upward/downward trends in the market. MACD is used to signal potential overbought or oversold market trends. Inflation – The rate of increase in the price of goods and services in a national/state economy.

Alerts definition

The oldest U.S. securities which offers currency futures and options on currency futures. Net long or short position in one or more currencies that a dealer can carry over into the next dealing day. Passing the book to other bank dealing rooms in the next trading time zone reduces the need for dealers to maintain these unmonitored exposures. A holding of foreign exchange that is temporarily unable to be converted from the reserve currency into other reserve assets. Reserves required to be deposited at central banks by commercial banks and other financial institutions.

Market Sentiment – Market Sentiment refers to the overall crowd psychology or „mood of the market” at a particular time. Market sentiment can have an impact on particular stocks, commodities or currency pairs. Sentiment often leads markets to move away from what might be considered fair value.

moving average convergence

Stop Order – An exit trade order, which automatically closes an open position at a specific price, specified in advanced by the trader. A Stop Loss limits potential losses should the market go against you. Stock Index – The stock index is an average value of diverse stock prices listed and traded on the stock markets. It is considered as one of the main indicators to gauge the performance of the overall stock market of an economy. For instance, the S&P 500 is a stock index that represents the performance of the NYSE . Spread – The spread is the difference between the bid and ask price of a currency, commodity or index.

Effective Exchange Rate (REER)

It is comprised of four exchanges – CME, CBOT, NYMEX and COMEX. A monthly survey that reflects prevailing consumer attitudes, buying intentions and economic activity for the months ahead. A debt instrument, where the issuer borrows money from the buyer, with the obligation to repay the principal and predefined interest at the maturity date. Unit of volume used contract sizes for Brent, Crude Oil and other petroleum products.

Market conditions, including volatility and lack of volume, may cause a stop order to be executed at a price different from the order. Specifies the lowest price at which the sale of the base currency in a currency pair can be executed. The limit price in a sell limit order should be ABOVE the current dealing bid price. Forward rates are quoted in terms of forward points, which represent the difference between the forward and spot rates. In order to obtain the forward rate from the actual exchange rate, the forward points are either added or subtracted from the exchange rate.


Leverage is the ratio between an investor’s margin in a position and the broker’s contribution. It enables traders to place a position whose value is higher than the amount of money at their immediate disposal, by using a short-term credit allowance. A change in price levels that usually occurs between one session’s close of trading and the subsequent session’s opening. They can be a result of either fundamental or technical adjustments and will either fill or not. Traders may speculate on the following session’s opening prices and buy or sell after hours.

A chart pattern is a graphical depiction of an asset’s price movement formed by lines that connect common price points such as highs or lows, during a given period of time. Patterns lie at the core of technical analysis and traders use them to forecast the future movement of an instrument’s price. Candlestick charts contain multiple candlesticks showing the open, close, high, and low prices of a financial asset for a specific period.

Moving Average

Representing a specific type of trader, anyone who is classified as a speculator is willing to take big risks while trading. The hope is that by embracing increasing levels of risk, the eventual profit return will be high. The volume of active buying and selling orders placed for a currency, covering a wide degree of prices. “Bid” (or “bid price”) is the term used to describe the price at which a trader is willing to sell a particular currency. Trailing stops are also similar but instead of a set price, they focus on pips. If you set a 20-pips trailing stop and the market price moves against you by 19 pip, your position will remain open.

Currency – Currency is a generally accepted medium of exchange which is issued and circulated by the government and the central banks. Credit /debit cards are considered an advanced form of currency,and are generally referred to as plastic money. It demonstrates the weakness in a selling trend and pre-indicates a potential buying trend in the market. For instance, the sellers are exhausted and buyers are likely to enter the market. Bid Price – The price at which the market is ready to buy a particular currency pair.

  • As investors seek to sell securities, the prices of these securities decrease even more.
  • The interest rate at which financial institutions in Canada borrow and lend money among themselves.
  • AUS 200 A term for the Australian Securities Exchange , which is an index of the top 200 companies listed on the Australian stock exchange.

It is the interest cash flows be they payments or receipts that are exchanged. An agreement permitting a party to obtain a particular interest rate, issued both OTC and by exchanges. A currency whose value is expected to remain stable or increase in terms of other currencies. An economic indicator which refers to the total orders of durable and non-durable goods.

  • Much like the term “bear market”, “bull market” is also often shortened, so you can expect to hear the terms “bull” and “bullish” used regularly.
  • It generates buy/sell signals when crossing above/below the zero line.
  • This includes a country’s economic condition, monetary policy, and financial figures.

The at which a security closes at the end of a trading session, remaining at that level until the commencement of trading on the following trading session. The amount of funds in an account before opening any positions. An ‘Instrument’ , Securities, currencies, commodities, derivatives, indices or any other trading/investment resource whose value may change. Below, please find a list of terminology and expressions along with their definitions commonly used in the world of financial trading. VIX is short for the Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index.

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